Introduction to equality and Diversity
Social group has been defined as where two or more than two people are attract each other. Social groups exhibits some social cohesion and it most simple collection for example where people wait for something. People share their characteristics with other group which may include interest, values social background and many more. In many countries there are people who discriminate the human on the basis of colour, caste, religion. Social group is categorized in different form of group such as primary, secondary and reference group. It is that kind of group where people see each other frequently and also considered themselves as a part for the group. Objectives that will be covered under present study are the types of social groups, their impacts on education as well as different practices that can be implemented in educational settings along with the ways to overcome effect of social groupings on different sectors.
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Social-groups, this group is defined as where many people are interact with each other. Social group is the basic part for the human life. The sociology has focus on the study of social group. In the present scenario, social interaction can be considered as the basic condition. As social-groups are categorized into different groups such as primary, secondary and references. In primary group people create the group for some purpose. They have own purpose, culture and norms. Sociologists has different the several different types of social-groups. In country so many people are belonging from different culture, religion. Primary group includes family. In secondary group are formed at school or at any work place. Reference group are generally look for the guidance to evaluate their behaviour and attitudes.
The social-group has made huge impact on the inn education sectors. Through this they can increase the knowledge of people and skills so that they can do something in their life. Some of the social groups are transitory, recurrent, formal and many other groups.
Social group considered the SEN and poverty because in economy there are many poor people who are getting the proper education. There aim is provide to provide proper education facilities to poor people. According to many writers on SEN, poverty is complex and consideration of SEN requires a clear analysis of many dimension of such people. There are many factors such as geographical, biological and social which can reduce the impact of income on an individual. In this country, there are different people who enjoy disparities in freedom and these disparities are related to their income and resources. There are many areas in the country where there are gender disparities including different members of a family may be permitted different facilities to enjoy their life. (Social Groups: The Meaning, Characteristics, Classification and other details, 2017).
The SEN and poverty group is considered as social-group. SEN group develop the positive skills, also build a trust and relationship between members. SEN group studies behaviour needs of people. The different practices in the education setting which can be implemented and from that the researcher must investigate and evaluate the strategies in proving the education to the poor people. These different practices of the education setting includes direct teaching , it helps to take review daily in the classroom and guided students and monitoring them and given them daily practice work. The next one is give task on time, from it the students focused on the task and to do best in the best manner. And involvement of parents is important because learning is increased when the educational institutes inspire the parents for increasing their knowledge and their development. They have to choose a specific strategy which should be related with people's current skills so that it can create measurable goals. Then the support groups have to include the requirements for the collection of data which can monitor the people's progress in achieving those goals (Seidman, 2013). The recurrent social group meets regularly. For instance, we can viewed and include a society as a larger social groups. In the society there are many people who helps in the social work and also helps the poor people. They contribute for the social welfare.(Yeager and Walton, 2011).
On the other hand, another characteristic of social group such as Transitory, Recurrent is sense of unity. Under this, individual in grouping needs sense of unity and understanding for the evolution of a consciousness of belongingness (Camilli, Vargas, Ryan and Barnett, 2010). This develops a common loyalty between group members. It generates a sense of unity in them over the time. However, the secondary groups the group of members treated each other as the friends and it creates belongingness between them. herefore, We-felling helps in generate loyalty sympathy and fostering cooperating among members (Roblyer, McDaniel and et.al., 2010). Apart from this, similarity of behaviour is also a characteristic of social grouping. With an aim of meeting of common interest, the group members of behaviour are similar. This can be representing collective behaviour of individuals. Along with this, group norms are also considered as the most important feature of social grouping. It is well known that every group is having own norms and ideals as well as members of it must have to be followed (Street, 2014). The objective of SEN is to provide food, shelter and clothes to poor people. The aim of SEN poverty is to provide the education and shelter to poor people. When any individual deviates from or does not follow the set norms then he or she may be severely punished. Common examples of grouping norms are folk ways, laws, traditions, customers, mores etc. Activities of members can only be controlled by developing norms (Shor, 2012).
Recurrent social group is that a group meets the regular needs of people to satisfy their desires. For example, if one person is belonging and acts as a team member than the other person will also go to same field (Tajfel, 2010). Formal social group is based on rules and regulations that are made by the organisation along with this to attain the meeting in order to reduce the poverty in the country.
Classification of social groups can be done on the basis of various viewpoints. In this context, first type of it is primary groups where the members of grouping are emotionally attached with each other by sharing their basic ways of life (Types of social groups in sociology, 2014). It is the most important for social life and develops a group where individuals mutually share their viewpoints. Emotions, habits, attitude and ideas of member of each group are the features of primary social groups. However, in secondary group, familiarities between group members are relatively lower as compared to primary group (Tess, 2013). These groups are mainly formed at work place where people wit other person. The formation of secondary group are formed due to many factors such as the people are meeting at work place or any other and interact with each other.
On the other side, in and out group is another type of social grouping. On the basis of daily life, people can be divided into “we and they” characteristics. Interest of individuals relies in those people with whom he is more closely connected. These may be family, friends, relatives or neighbours (Hout, 2012). By getting influenced from these groups, he or she develops own attitude and opinions regarding rejection and acceptance of certain ideas. The members who fall under this category are called social group such formal, recurrent, informal and many more. However, in case of out-social group, people of this grouping are considered in relation to in-group. Examples of these groupings are “we the Pathans” and “they the Sayyad” as well as “we the Russians” and “they the Americans”. Apart from this, formal and informal groups are other type of social groups (Durlak, Weissberg and et. al., 2011). Here, terms and conditions have been defined for members to get the membership of formal grouping. These social groups do not discriminate the man and women at the work place in order to fulfil their needs and desires. In case of violation of rules and regulations, membership of individuals can be cancelled. Examples of formal groups are students in class room and Union Council where people enjoy matched by purchasing tickets etc. On the other side, terms and norms to become a member of informal group has not been defined. Individuals can become a part of them and leave it whenever they want. In this context, some examples of these are listening radio, markers, watching TV, etc (Torssander and Erikson, 2010).
Reference group is also a type of social grouping where individuals become completely socialized. The most common example of this is old members of the family and those who influence them. Along with this, ethnic group is a social group where culture traits divert from the general culture of community. These are always in minority and put social impact on its members because they are in close social interaction (Umberson and Montez, 2010).
The social group is providing the education to local people. The social group has to provide education according to the needs of people. There outcomes should be very effective. Peer groups is one of the most influential social grouping and factor that affect adolescent behaviour in various aspects such as decision making, music, selecting of clothing, short and long term education plans etc (Moran, Seaman and Tinti-Kane, 2011). In this context, many of the academics recognize that peers of child’s have made impact on achievement. Parents are the example of peer group where they have taken decisions regarding selection of schools and activities for their children education. They have also guided them in choosing friends and give them best possible good social networks in adolescence stage of kids (How Peers Influence Academic Performance).
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Peer groups have affected education of children in both positive and negative manner. In terms of positive influence, intelligent students have helped their peer members to increase their grades. For instance, girls are helping their friends in homework, understanding subjects etc. So, this has spread similar aspirations in peers of children (Ahn, 2011). In an economy the people have to support each other which will also increase their knowledge and skills. It is also important because there are many people who can't afford to study in schools. The educational outcome of this is group members have increased their efforts to learn the things by developing new learning capabilities. According to the SEN and poverty the social groups have to provide the education facilities to local people so that it will also increase the knowledge and life style. On the other hand, peer influences each other highly in early teen age. They do not have to take the risk to behave like a 18 years old child. This is the negative impact of peer group on children where they have deviated from their original educational goals. From the data of National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1998 data, it has found that the peers have strongly influence academic achievement. Along with this, these groups have promoted race, ethnicity, gender, and income issues in students while getting education (Tikly and Barrett, 2011).
Beside this, community social groups have indirectly or directly effect on ensuring the quality of education (Mittler, 2012). For example, a poor home environment has not allowed the child to access basic learning. There may be have several reasons behind this such as lack of financial facilities, responsibilities over kids in the absence of father, living life below poverty line, discrimination based on casts etc. These all have made negative effect on educational outcomes where children have not got the basic education facilities. The impact of this is they have become illiterate (Seidman, 2013). On the other side, community in which child is born and brought up has affected its perception towards learning. It has created a sense of belongingness in them which has highly made impact on educational outcomes such as knowledge, attitudes, skills, values etc.
Reference groups have also affected educational outcomes in both positive and negative aspect (Yeager and Walton, 2011). For example, some reference groupings have helped students in decision making regarding selection of college and subject for study. Interactions between learners and reference groups have assisted in achievement of educational outcomes such as skills, knowledge, abilities etc. Further, the group of teachers unions has affected the outcomes of education because they supports sometimes those persons who are intelligent. Sometimes teacher are not proving the proper information to people so it gives negative impact on students.
Social-group is trying to provide equal education facilities to all where they can improve their knowledge equally. In social-group people feel respect and loyalty from others. They also individual identify the their strength in positive direction (Camilli, Vargas, Ryan and Barnett, 2010). In economy there are many different social group in which they have to provide education according to the people. (How Do Teachers’ Unions Affect Public School Outcomes?, 2012).
On the other hand, ethnic groups have increased their interference in education system and institutions. This has promoted discrimination and inequality in this area. Due to this, the students in educational institutions have not treated fairly and equally during delivering of learning (Roblyer, McDaniel and et.al., 2010). Along with this, they have not received same opportunities to fully participate in the learning process. This has created different culture for students at learning areas where they have not able to develop full potential to learn the things and meet academic achievements such as skills, knowledge etc. Therefore, from the above discussion, it has found that different social groups have highly negatively influenced educational outcomes (Street, 2014).
UNCRC looks towards protecting children and young people rights. There are different articles published by the organization on protecting the rights of kids and young generation. For example, in article 7, UNCRC states that all children and young people have the right to a name and nationality which they should be granted at birth. This artefact also states that they have right to know and be cared for their parents (Young Children's Participation in a Sure Start Children's Centre. 2013). On the other article number 8, this focuses over name of child or young person, his or her nationality and family relationships. According to UNCRC, government should not interfere with a child or young person right to any of these. This editorial also defines that regulatory bodies should be able to help them if any of these things are taking in illegal form (Article 8, 2017). Apart from this, article 10 of UNCRC states that young persons and children should be stay in contact with parents and visits their even they are living in different nations (Article 10, 2017).
From the above discussion, it has found that there have several social grouping that affected educational outcomes such as skills, ability, knowledge etc for students (Shor, 2012). The overall impact of this grouping interference has negative and it has increased inequality and discrimination in education area. The first method in this direction of overcome such kind of problems is educating students regarding negative impacts of social grouping on their tutoring. This is the simple and effective way to raise awareness in the learners of how these groups may affect their decision making process to access education and learn the things (Tess, 2013). The following process will help the scholars to become aware to this and thereby will reduce the negative effects of social groups’ interference on their decisions. With the help of various programs such as free e-learning seminar etc, more information about social groups in terms of features and characteristics will help student to understand the negative impacts of this on their educational aspect (Hout, 2012).
On the other hand, by growing mindset of students towards diverse social groups, it becomes easy to change perception of them (Durlak, Weissberg and et.al., 2011). Dweck has done primary research on the interest of motivation, personality and development of people. This is important for individuals to motivate from other or be self-motivated so that they can achieve their targets in life. It will also improve their performance and capabilities. From the research, it had found that growth and fixed mindset makes powerful impact on learners’ behaviour to take the right education decision. For example, students taking an advance math class where some of the fixed mindset they have not understand this subject felt more anxious during the class and didn't perform as well. In the contrast, learners who have growth mindset felt more comfortable and confident in their abilities and performed better. The same thing applies at the time of creating awareness in scholars regarding negative impacts of social grouping on their educational outcomes (Torssander and Erikson, 2010). In this context, it becomes important to change their mindset towards it so that they become more confident and comfortable to take right learning decisions without influencing from social groups. This will enable them to perform better and attain all educational outcomes such as developing new skills, abilities, capabilities, knowledge, values etc (Umberson and Montez, 2010).
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Apart from this, by expanding professional networks by students, the interference of social grouping and their impacts on educational outcomes can be minimized (Moran, Seaman and Tinti-Kane, 2011). For example, in SEN and poverty, female learners feel that they don't belong in computer science and due to this, many of them are less likely to want to pursue a career in this area even if their aptitude for computer science is high. So it is necessary to provide the proper education and training programmes to them. The social-group is providing education to both man and women equally. It does not discriminate any people on the basis of their religion, culture etc. It is important for them to treat equal with all. So, this feeling of belongingness has directly influenced motivation and satisfaction level of students to take the right decision in attaining educational outcomes (Ahn, 2011). The same thing applies in the case of social grouping; the scholars should increase their professional networking with teachers and professors. This will serve many purposes such as access of right learning information, mentoring and get professional as well as personal support. It will provide assistance to the students to expand professional networking by decreasing influencing level of social groupings such as peers, communities, families etc. The overall impact of this will be the students will attain educational outcomes in the terms of skills, abilities, knowledge etc (Tikly and Barrett, 2011).
Beside all of these, education institutional should show commitment in the context of diversity via strategic plans, mission statements and educating the staffs. This will reduce the affect of social groups on educational outcomes. Along with this, by educating colleges and schools leaders about the negative impacts of societal grouping, influencing level of these can be minimize at the significant level in the area of improve educational results (Mittler, 2012).
In a competitive environment, the impact of social emotional factors are mainly associated with the achievement of the performance of people. The different social groups have to provide an education according to the people and their capabilities. It includes the four critical elements including interdisciplinary research, existing school reforms models etc. The social group should provide teacher support, mental health and peer value to members. Parental support is important for the achievement of goals. On other side, if there is inequality in providing the education to people then it emotionally hurts the people in getting the education. The mind sets of students towards social groups are changing from time to time to get the best education. The education is to be provided to all people will help them to improve their knowledge. Without education the people cannot succeed in their life. For a particular point of time period it is necessary to get proper education because it will help the person to achieve their goals. The social group is providing the education in different sectors so it will become easy for the people to increase knowledge in which they are interested.
From the above essay, it has been concluded that social-groups have been created for those people who are not afford to get proper education. There are many individuals who have common interest and have to achieve something in their life. Social behaviour and personalities of people have given shaped to groups and create a sense of belongingness. It has a collection of individuals where they have reciprocally interacting on one another. There have some characterises of social groups such as mutual awareness, common interests, sense of unity, similarity of behaviour and group norms. On the other hand, social grouping have various forms such as teacher union, peer groups, communities etc. These have made both positive and negative impacts over educational outcomes such as skills, knowledge, attitude, values etc of students. With the help of several strategies, the influence levels of these groups have reduced. The individual are belonging from different groups such as primary, secondary. The social group have to maintain the coordination between all the people so that they can achieve their targets in appropriate manner.
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