There are numerous stories in history that deserve to be narrated to the world, and the life of Charles Louis Napolean is undoubtedly one of them. His rise to power was nothing less than the rising of a phoenix. From being in exile to becoming the Emperor of France is no mean feat. There have been many cases of people becoming kings out of nowhere. But this story deserves accolades because Charles Napolean regained the throne. And, it’s a well-known fact that retaining a title is much more difficult than winning one. So, this can be one of the best history dissertation topics to write about. Also, for any sort of history dissertation help, you can always opt for our services. Meanwhile, read about Napolean III and his rise to power in this blog.
Fall of the First Empire and Bonaparte’s Exile
There were differences between Louis Bonaparte (King of Holland from 1806 to 1810) and his wife Hortnese de Beauharnis so they lived separately. After the fall of the first Empire in 1815, the Bonapartes were forced to leave France. So, the queen Hortnese decided to live in Switzerland from 1817 to 1826 and later in Rome, Italy with her sons Napolean Louise and Charles Louis Napolean. She inculcated in her sons the spirit of the empire and the respect for the dynasty that Napolean had established.
It Had to Start Somewhere and So It Did
Italy at that time was not unified, rather it was divided into several kingdoms which also included some territories under the Austrian jurisdiction. The Bonaparte brothers were part of the supporters group who backed the Italian unification. In 1831, they were marooned in Foril where one of them died from a measles epidemic. The one who survived was Charles Louis Napolean. And, after the death of his cousin(The Duke of Reichstadt), Louis Napolean’s father louis and his uncle Joseph refused to take the title of the throne. So, Charles was entitled to be the heir to the imperial crown in 1832. And, that’s where it all started.
Search For Power and Failed Attempts
After being entitled to the throne, he tried to seize power by force twice. He used his military background and the support of Bonapartists to do so. He tried it for the first time in Stasbourg on 30 October 1836, but failed, and as a result, was taken prisoner. However, later he was released by King Louis Phiippe I and sent to exile in the United States. In August 1837, he went to Switzerland where his mother Hortnese died after few months, and after that, instead of going back to the United States, he settled in London, England.
The second time, he returned to France when the remains of Napolean I were brought back in 1840, Louis-Napolean tried to gain power one more time but failed again. And this time, he was sentenced to imprisonment for life in the fortress of Ham. He was allowed to read, write and receive visits. During his time in prison, he wrote a book called “The Extinction of Pauperism” which was a political manifesto against the working class. On May 25 1846, he escaped from Ham, disguised as one of the laborers carrying a large plank on his shoulders while some renovation work was being done on his cell.
Napolean’s Conquest of Power
The fall of King Louis Philipe I, gave Louis Napolean his first taste of power in France.The second French Republic was established, and it was to be headed by a president elected by universal male suffrage (all men over the age of 21 could vote). He presented himself as the candidate for presidency backed by the Party of Order. He won the election with 74% of votes and became the president for a term of four years on December 1848. He wanted to contest the elections for the second time also, but the legislative assembly refused. He also did not approve of the law of 31st May 1850 that limited the universal suffrage.
And, The Throne at Last
So, Louis Napolean organized a coup d’étatto overthrow the government on 2nd December 1851. On the same date, his uncle Napolean was crowned emperor in the year 1805. He proclaimed to dissolve the National Legislative assembly and to restore the universal male suffrage and announced new elections. He ordered the army to occupy Paris to prevent any opposition. The people of Paris revolted, and several thousands of them were arrested. On 20th and 21st December 1851, Louis Napolean held a referendum asking voters to approve of the coup and 76% of them accepted it which confirmed Louis Napolean in power. After the approval of the people, a new constitution was established which gave power to the Prince President for a period of ten years.
A year later, the Prince President asked people to accept the return of the imperial regime, and this marked the beginning of the second French Empire. And, in this way, Louis Napolean came to power to bring back Bonapartes back to the throne.