Water is vital and important for all known forms of life and covers about 71% of the Earth’s surface. Drinking clean water is significant to humans, however, its availability in different parts of the world has become a far-fetched goal, reason being the contamination caused due to water pollution. Water pollution occurs when the hazardous wastes are released into water bodies such as groundwater, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc., without appropriate treatment to remove harmful elements. The experts providing public health dissertation help to the college-goers have listed down a few lethal diseases that are caused by water pollution.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine caused by a bacteria called Vibrio Cholerae found in polluted water. Its symptoms include headache, vomiting and muscle cramps. This may result in diarrhoea, dehydration and sometimes even death. It is spread due to poor sanitation, intake of contaminated water and unsafe food.
Malaria is a disease caused by parasitic protozoans that affect humans and animals. Its symptoms include vomiting, fever, headache, etc., and in critical cases, it can cause seizure, coma or sometimes even death of the person.
Typhoid is caused by the bacteria named Salmonella typhimurium, and it lives in the bloodstream and intestines of the human being. Its symptoms involve high fever, stomach pain, headache, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, etc. This disease is spread from drinking defiled water, especially in areas with poor sanitation and eating habits.
Diarrhoea is a disease that causes regular and watery bowel movements. It shows as a result of intestinal infection or food poisoning by drinking polluted water. In several cases, it is one of the common diseases caused by water pollution and triggered by water-borne bacteria, viruses and protozoans. This disease leads to dehydration, loss of electrolytes, and even death of infants and young kids. Diarrhoea can be prevented by drinking clean water, improving sanitation and washing hands with soap.
Hepatitis is a very infectious disease that severely affects the liver. It is acquired via ingestion of contaminated water with the hepatitis virus. Its symptoms involve yellow discoloration of the skin, abdominal pain, fatigue, jaundice, depression, nausea, weight loss, and fever. In order to reduce the risk of spreading hepatitis, you need to wash hands after using the washroom and try to avoid consuming unsafe food and water.
Water is one of the most essential resources for living beings and there are several things that you can do to reduce water pollution. By adapting to simple changes such as using natural cleaning products rather than toxic ones at home and planting more trees in the garden can make an essential impact. If you’ve found this blog informative and useful, then do share it with your loved ones.
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